Numbers of Broodmares Decrease Globally

Two years ago, on the basis of data provided by the Annual Reports of the International Federation of Horseracing Authorities, we compared the current global population of broodmares with numbers before the economic crisis. The comparison of years 2007 and 2012 showed that during the crisis the number of broodmares dropped nearly 30%. What is it like now?

The answer to this question was sought in the 2014 Annual Report, published by IFHA shortly before its annual meeting, held this week in Paris after the Prix de l’Arc de Triomphe. Last year we said that the decrease stopped or was minimised, to be more precise. Between 2012 and 2013 the number of broodmares globally decreased one per cent, i.e. about 1,000 broodmares. Now, according to Annual Report data, the decrease sped up at 1.44% and more than 2,100. It needs to be said though that the data are not quite exact since not all the countries are IFHA members and send data from their studs, but the number of such countries is decreasing and their share in global thoroughbred production is negligible. Our annual comparison therefore concerns only those countries from which we have data from both years.

Numbers of broodmares in 2014 and the change against 2013

country 2014 2013 2007 change
2014/2007
change
2014/2013
USA 37150 34389 55271 -32,8% 8,0%
Australia 20353 21404 29706 -31,5% -4,9%
Ireland 12909 12643 20700 -37,6% 2,1%
Argentina 12526 13294 13065 -4,1% -5,8%
Japan 9252 9297 10219 -9,5% -0,5%
France 7441 7242 9004 -17,4% 2,7%
Great Britain 6643 6802 11091 -40,1% -2,3%
New Zealand 5081 5408 8286 -38,7% -6,0%
Brazil 3089 3324 4060 -23,9% -7,1%
Uruguay 2924 2925 2925 0,0% 0,0%
South Africa 2460 3950 3654 -32,7% -37,7%
Turkey 2250 2200 3359 -33,0% 2,3%
India 2181 2420 2743 -20,5% -9,9%
Chile 2169 2294 2408 -9,9% -5,4%
Korea 2116 1931 2040 3,7% 9,6%
Venezuela 1902 1897 N/A 0,3%
Canada 1817 1792 3169 -42,7% 1,4%
Saudi Arabia 1734 2466 N/A -29,7%
Germany 1425 1486 2240 -36,4% -4,1%
Philippines 1224 1275 N/A -4,0%
Russia 1214 965 N/A 25,8%
Peru 895 974 520 72,1% -8,1%
Italy 753 840 3205 -76,5% -10,4%
Thailand 742 N/A N/A
Morocco 703 653 353 99,2% 7,7%
Poland 403 490 N/A -17,8%
Mexico 400 312 590 -32,2% 28,2%
Czech republic 347 306 630 -44,9% 13,4%
Puerto Rico 292 430 N/A -32,1%
Panama 251 342 N/A -26,6%
Sweden 220 279 383 -42,6% -21,1%
Spain 213 284 360 -40,8% -25,0%
China 205 8 N/A 2462,5%
Trinidad & Tobago 200 261 N/A -23,4%
Cyprus 199 258 824 -75,8% -22,9%
Hungary 187 185 N/A 1,1%
Qatar 185 165 N/A 12,1%
Denmark 180 170 244 -26,2% 5,9%
Ukraine 175 N/A N/A
Tunisia 128 115 67 91,0% 11,3%
Paraguay 104 N/A N/A
Ecuador 95 245 N/A -61,2%
Barbados 87 N/A N/A
Croatia 84 42 41 104,9% 100,0%
Bulgaria 78 62 N/A 25,8%
Kenya 73 86 N/A -15,1%
Dominican Republic 72 98 N/A -26,5%
Bahrain 68 72 N/A -5,6%
Norway 60 65 56 7,1% -7,7%
Zimbabwe 55 63 N/A -12,7%
Romania 52 40 N/A 30,0%
Greece 49 105 430 -88,6% -53,3%
Slovakia 46 46 211 -78,2% 0,0%
Serbia 41 38 N/A 7,9%
Columbia 35 65 N/A -46,2%
Switzerland 29 41 83 -65,1% -29,3%
Azerbaijan 26 35 N/A -25,7%
Kazakhstan 24 65 N/A -63,1%
Belgium 21 10 59 -64,4% 110,0%
Slovenia 17 17 55 -69,1% 0,0%
Uzbekistan 15 N/A N/A
Austria 12 12 70 -82,9% 0,0%
Lithuania 5 1 N/A 400,0%
Syria 5 7 N/A -28,6%
Lebanon 4 0 N/A
Netherlands 4 0 25 -84,0%
Portugal 4 5 N/A -20,0%
UAE 3 1 N/A 200,0%
Malaysia 2 9 79 -97,5% -77,8%
Oman 2 3 N/A -33,3%
total 145710

The United States remain the largest producer of thoroughbreds where one fourth of all broodmares in the world are based. The number of broodmares in the United States grew 8% annually but compared to the pre-crisis period there are almost one third of mares less. The number is unlikely to return to the former levels – as the number of races in the United States decreases continually, stronger pressures on thoroughbred breeding are not to be expected. None of the countries that belong among top ten thoroughbred breeders achieved the 2007 level – with one exception: in Uruguay there were as many broodmares as in 2007 but in 2011 it has as many as 3,500 broodmares.

The current development is influence more than global economic atmosphere by local conditions, both in economy, racing and thoroughbred breeding in individual countries. Further decrease of broodmares can hardly come as a surprise in crisis-torn Greece as in Italy where racing is in long time crisis. In France, where the financing of races is secured best in Europe, the number of broodmares increased while in Germany, economically stronger but racing-wise weaker, the number of broodmares decreased despite the achievements of German blood all over the world. In Ireland, which has come through the biggest crisis, the numbers grow but are still very far from those before the crisis.

There is an interesting major growth in Russia but from the global perspective what is of essential importance for the future is the developement in Russia’s neighbour China. In 2013-2014 there was an increase of 200 mares which is negligible for a country with 1.35 billion inhabitants but the momentum is indeed very interesting. In 2013 there were eight broodmares in China, last year it was 205. The growth of 2,462% is naturally caused by the extremely low basis for comparison, nevertheless – given the interest of leading top players for this region, China could become a major customer when building their own breeding. How big the customer is we will see next year when the Annual Report data are published.

Miloslav Vlček

Comments
Last visited horses
  • No horses found
Last used services
  • No services found
Most viewed horses

You are not authorized to view this content.

To get access to this function please log in.

Don't have account yet? Please register.

You are not authorized to view this content.

To get access to this function please !login to your premium account..

Don't have account yet? Please register.